A couple of days ago, I was rewatching Jiro’s Dreams of Sushi (2011.) An hour and a half flew by unnoticed as if I really visited a sushi bar. I felt short-grain rice and wasabi in my mouth.
And then I thought: How does the director convey to us the taste and smell from the screen? What techniques does he use? How to show invisible things in movies?
How to show smell in cinema?
Scents do not play a major role in cinema, except when a smell is extreme or an episode is built around it. But rest assured, the film’s director has a few tricks to aid him.
Describe smell and taste in words.
It is a simple but very effective trick. Here comes my favorite example from the Twin Peaks series about special agent Dale Cooper and his passion for coffee. Cooper loves to drink coffee as black as midnight, hot as hell and sweet as love.
Diane, never drink coffee that has been anywhere near a fish.Dale Cooper
Also another one almost every person could relate to
Nothing beats the taste sensation when maple syrup collides with ham.
You can see the reaction of the hero.
Heroes pinch their noses, recoiling from something unpleasant or sniffing the air with closed eyes. You don’t need to go far for examples; all films about the Middle Ages and crime movies are full of this. In the film Sunshine Cleaning (2008), two sisters clean up murder scenes, and their faces perfectly convey the stench of a visit. They did a great job showing what smells can be there.
Wide shots help to bring the smell and texture of the subject.
You can see this in many films, but Perfumer: The Story of a Murderer (2006) is undoubtedly the standard. Together with the hero, you will smell rotten fish, fresh pork, spices, bread, and even a beautiful girl. Everything smells in this film!
Fast cut frames with a large image of one object.
This technique echoes the previous one, but here you see several angles of one thing, which helps you compose its smell. For example, when Grenouille smells an apple tree in the film Perfumer, you see first a tree branch, then a leaf, and then an apple. And when Jean-Baptiste notices a beautiful girl, you spot first her shoulder, then her arms, and then the plums she is carrying. It is how the director shows the components that make up the fragrance for Grenouille.
You are shown something familiar.
With this technique, the filmmakers allow you to recall the aroma and taste in a second. A good example is the cornbread for John Coffey in The Green Mile. I am sure that every American, just seeing the color and shape of the loaf, immediately felt cornbread’s soft and fragrant taste. We see how the mouse immediately ran in and began to sip its nose to enhance the sensations in the frame. “Oh, John, I smell this fragrance even from over here. I surely know.”: Mr. Jingles says.
You are given visual cues.
For example, in the movie The Four Hands Game, the hero of Jean-Paul Belmondo brings a fainted beauty to life with the help of Chanel n 5 perfume. We see the bottle in his hand, and everything becomes clear.
In the cartoon Ratatouille 2007, fireworks go off in the rat’s head when he tries a delicious dish. Also, a compelling image of the smell was created in Twilight when Edward says to Bella: “Your scent is like a drug to me, like my own personal brand of heroin.”
If the film touches you, you put yourselves in the hero’s shoes and unconsciously imagine the smell, flavor and touch.
Let’s remember the 9 1/2 week sensual food scene. There is everything here: the closed eyes of the heroine, which symbolize the unknown and surprise for you, food marks on her face and clothes you can relate to, and different familiar tastes and textures. And, of course, your imagination works to its fullest. It is the power of cinema!
I am finishing this post and truly want a cup of coffee with a croissant like in Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1961.) What do you imagine? Write below in the comments.
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